Fractures of the finger are not minor injuries. More often than not a fractured finger is caused by an injury to the hand often causing it to be out of alignment. If the finger is not treated, it can result in it becoming stiff and painful. The cause of finger fractures can vary, whether it be from slamming your fingers in a door, jamming your fingers when catching a ball or putting your hand out to break a fall.
The symptoms of a fractured finger can be swelling, tenderness and bruising around the fracture site. The finger can become stiff and unable to move completely. There also may be some deformity of the injured finger.
Non-surgical: The treating Doctor can put the fractured bone back into place without surgery. Splints or casts can be made to keep the finger straight, aligned and protect it from further injury. The usual time to remain in the splint is around three to six weeks. To monitor the healing of the fracture more x-rays may be required over this period of time.
Surgical: Surgery may be required depending on the type and extent of the fracture. The aim of any surgery would be to put the bones back into alignment, generally through the use of pins, screws and/or wires.
Once the doctor has assessed your finger and determined it is safe to do so, you will be able to use hand and finger again. Rehabilitation exercises daily will help in the recovery process and to reduce the swelling and stiffness. A hand therapist might be suggested to help you with these exercises. It can take six to eight weeks for the fracture to unite with therapy prescribed following this to regain movement and strength.