Condition where the tendons of the fingers or thumb are affected to the point where movement of the digit is limited and will lock or catch in a bent position when attempting to straighten it. Can be an irritation of the tendon or thickening of the tendon sheath reducing the opening through which the tendon runs.
Symptoms usually don’t start with injury, but may follow periods of heavy hand use. Symptoms include a tender lump in the palm, swelling, catching or popping sensation in finger/thumb joints or pain and stiffness when bending or straightening your finger. Tends to be worse after inactivity and will loosen up as you move it.
Non-surgical: In mild cases, resting the finger may resolve the problem, this may include using a splint. Medications such as anti-inflammatories can be used to relieve pain. Corticosteroid injections into the joint may also improve the problem temporarily.
Surgical: Surgery may be offered depending on the severity of symptoms and in cases where nonsurgical options have not been successful. Surgical management involves a small incision in the palm cutting the tendon sheath to allow more room for the tendon to track through. As the tendon heals across the division it allows more space for the tendon.
Most people are able to move their fingers immediately after surgery, there may be some swelling and soreness in the palm. Recovery is usually complete within a few weeks. Physical therapy may help loosen the finger if it was quite stiff prior to surgery