On a yearly basis, nearly 45 million young male chickens are killed in Germany. Their eggs are unsuitable when it comes to market. New procedures for sex recognition should make sure that they may not be also bred. David Tedevosian/ Shutterstock
The managing director of the egg breeding company Seleggt Gmbh, spoke about Germany’s recent decision to allow the mass killings of young male chickens and how his company’s Seleggt process could be used as a bridging technology until more commercially viable methods are found in an interview with EURACTIV Germany, Dr Ludger Breloh.
Dr Ludger Breloh, an agricultural economist, is the handling director of Seleggt GmbH, a part of this Rewe Group. Seleggt GmbH, in cooperation using the University of Leipzig, is promoting the initial functional way of very very very early sex recognition in hen eggs.
Because of the Seleggt technique, the intercourse of a new chicken could be determined when you look at the egg. So how exactly does this work?
Our technique is the best referred to as a hormonal, meaning a hormone-based technique. We already know just that gender-specific hormones, such as for example oestrone sulphate, happen to be contained in the non-incubated egg and so are just created within the egg that is female.
To achieve this, one should wait about nine times until the hormones are located in the egg in adequate volume. Then we draw out a little fall of fluid through the egg, which we mix with a marker that is biochemical.
This then suggests, with a color modification, if the oestrone sulphate is current. Female eggs are then gone back to your incubator and hatched, while male eggs are prepared into animal feed.
Up to now, but, gender determination will not be considered prepared for serial manufacturing, and just a few supermarkets provide these eggs. Why is that?</p>
Within the last few couple of years, we now have made progress that is incredible refining our technology. We are able to now analyse around 3,000 eggs each hour, per machine.
Nonetheless, the procedure has only been utilized in our hatchery that is in-house so. Our birds lay so-called Respeggt eggs, that are currently offered in about 380 supermarkets in the greater Berlin area today. The truth that these eggs just occur here, for the present time, is really because the number of laying hens remains workable.
Since February, nonetheless, we’ve been breeding on a bigger scale, with about 20,000-30,000 young feminine chickens hatching each week. The first generation will be old enough to lay their own eggs by the end of July. After that, we are seeing a number that is increasing of eggs in the marketplace. The Rewe Group has set it self the aim of attempting to sell these eggs in most its German branches by the finish for the entire year.
Beginning the following year, we shall then provide and also make our technology open to hatcheries. In the beginning, this is done in a cost-neutral method.
Respeggt eggs will, consequently, be slowly in the marketplace.
Cost-neutral could possibly imply that you first need to make an advance payment. Exactly why is that the outcome?
Our enterprize model is made of supermarkets having to pay us a licence charge – but only if the very first eggs are obtainable in supermarkets. We’ve create a Respeggt logo design showing the client that the eggs had been produced without killing chickens that are young.
This can be a definite added value as supermarkets can then get this marketable. Only then, will they spend us a licence cost because the hatching was made by us eggs offered at the beginning of the supply string.
The consumer, consequently, would additionally assist in preventing chickens that are young being slaughtered since the cost of eggs will likely to be somewhat increased.
What are the other means of the very early detection of sex being developed?
Yes, other practices are increasingly being investigated in eight or nine facilities worldwide, including in Canada and Australia, but in addition within the universities of Munich and Dresden. We cannot say more info on these processes, as their development obviously happens in today’s world.
In virtually any full instance, i might welcome it if other procedures had been made in the marketplace. I will be maybe not just concerned with your competitors, but additionally concerning the problem of killing young birds.
In all honesty, running the whole sector with just one technology could be a severe challenge.
Is since your reach continues to be too tiny?
Yes. We be prepared to raise about 1.5 million young birds in our hatchery this season – that is a fall when you look at the ocean if you think about that a complete of 45 million young male chickens are increasingly being gassed or shredded each year.
Which means we’ll require a lot more time before reaching such high volumes. Only then will we have the ability to discuss about it a paradigm change. Rome had not been built in one day.
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Once the Seleggt technology had been established, it absolutely was labelled as a bridging technology until other solutions had been discovered. A different one of those may be the twin utilization of birds. Could that end up being the future of chicken agriculture?
The actual fact that people also destroy an incredible number of young birds at all is because we’ve been breeding 2 kinds of extremely optimised, exceedingly effective birds for decades: laying hens and broiler birds.
Here is the way that is only can create really cheap eggs and chicken meat. The rational objective, of course, is to reproduce hens which have a beneficial laying performance, while their brothers have high fattening performance. That seems like a jack-of-all-trades form of unit which is what it really is.
As an agricultural scientist having a PhD in farming, I’m able to let you know there are complementary properties that rule out of the possibility that the hen can both lay eggs productively, while additionally building muscle that is sufficient. Each one or even the other.
Nonetheless, i really hope that the reproduction organizations continue steadily to work intensively about this problem to ensure that we now have a solution that is economically viable dual-use chickens.
Gender dedication methods are simply a solution that is temporary it might certainly be much more sustainable and in every of y our interests when we could place an end to the killing of young chickens.
Edited by Zoran Radosavljevic
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